5 TO 2 Million Years Ago

The Age of Hominids
Climate dries as Upright Human Ancestors First Appear
. . . God formed the man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life . . . - Genesis 2:6


  • Continents & oceans in current position
  • North & South America connect via Isthmus of Panama, altering global temperatures & currents
  • Huge Gibraltar waterfall refills Mediterranean Sea
  • Climate cool, dry and seasonal

Thirsty Animals Gather at Pliocene Swamp
(Image: Mauricio Anton)


  The giant
Ground Sloth
  & armored Glyptodons   (left) were among the
  few South American   mammals to survive the   Panama connection

     (Image: Hiddenway)




Australopithecus afarensis (right) had a brain no bigger than a modern ape and could only use very simple tools. Nonetheless it was one of the first primates to walk upright - and thus a direct ancestor of modern humans.

        (Image: Familie-Rebmann)



To the Cretaceous Period To the Paleocene Epoch To the Eocene Epoch To the Oligocene Epoch To the Miocene Epoch To the Miocene Epoch To the Pliocene Epoch To the Pliocene Epoch To the Pleistocene Epoch To the Pleistocene Epoch To the Holocene Epoch To Cenozoic Timeline To Mesozoic Timeline